I always forget how to do this, so I’m posting it on here for posterity. Sometimes it’s useful to password protect a folder or files on your web server. If the web server is Apache, then you can use a couple of files -
.htpasswd - to achieve this.
Step 1 - Create .htpasswd file
Somewhere above the root directory of your web server (so that there’s no way it can get served by your web server) run the following command
htpasswd -c .htpasswd username
This will create a file called
.htpasswd with the username and hashed password for the user “username”.
If you don’t have command-line access to your web server, there are a few websites out there that will generate the file for you, which you can then upload to your server.
Step 2 - Reconfigure your .htaccess file
In the directory you want to password protect, create a file called
.htaccess and put this in it (obviously fill in your details):
AuthType Basic AuthName "My Password Protected Folder" AuthUserFile /full/path/to/.htpasswd Require valid-user
There you have it!
The authentication lasts for your whole browser session, so it will only prompt you for your password again if you close, then re-open your browser.
Length: 206 words or 1 min Tags: sysadmin